Louis Rogers, Barbara Erkkila, Leslie D. Bartlett
a timeline of three individuals who might standout out as central figures in the preservation of what the day-to-day life of the granite industry on Cape Ann was like.
Final Treasurer of the Rockport Granite Company, he preserved corporate records which he bequeathed to the Harvard Baker Library in April, 1953.
Lanesville native, writer of Cape Ann Granite history (Hammers on Stone) compiler of numerous oral interviews with the living remnants of the quarry industry.
Leslie D. Bartlett
His 2007 installation at the Cape Ann Museum – Chapters on a Quarry Wall reveal the resilient quarry landscapes of Cape Ann for a new generation of Cape Ann natives and visitors alike. And it lead Leslie to spend 10 years researching photography and granite papers at Sandy Bay Historical Society and the Cape Ann Museum; over 3 years in research at Harvard with the materials collected by Louis Rogers, and most recently, the papers of Barbara Erkkila at the Cape Ann Museum.
Part 6 : Attitudes toward scholarship, research and preservation for the future.
Of the original investors in the Rockport Granite Company of Massachusetts who came together: John L. Thaxter, John H. Stimson Salem T. Lamb William F. Dow (Trustee)
Benj. P. Battles T. P. Fiske John Lathrop ,
only John H. Stimson came in with a background of working in the granite industry.
Here is Barbara Erkkila (Hammers on Stone pg. 114) speaking on John H. Stimson
“About 1830 also, John Stimson, a son-in-law of Zachariah Green, came to Rockport where he also owned stock in the company. It was while he was there that he built the granite barn and put up the first pair of heavy-timbered hoisting shears ever used in the quarries. After a few years he left the Gloucester and Boston Granite Company and began quarrying at Flat Ledge. It was from this quarry that he made his famous shipment of paving blocks to Fort Warren. In 1834, Eames, Stimson & Company was organized, consisting of Ezra Eames, John Stimson, and Beniah Colburn. They continued to quarry at Flat Ledge, but had quarries in Lanesville and Bay View as well. About 1845 Mr. Stimson bought out Ezra Eames, Beniah Colburn, and new partners William J. Torrey and Joshua Sanborn. The latter had worked as a foreman for Mr. Torrey when he first came to Rockport. In 1854 Stimson rigged up the first steam pump, the design for which was brought back from the California gold fields by Lewis Lane of Cape Ann. Other partners in Stimson’s company over many years had been Anson and Aaron Stimson, George R. Bradford, J. Henry Stimson, Abraham Day and Jotham Taylor of Lanesville.”
John Stimson became the chief Agent for the Rockport Granite Company of Massachusetts, he was charged with managing contracts, seeking new business, insuring deliveries were on time, and collecting funds from clients.
Rockport Granite Company of Massachusetts, Corporate Seal (SBHS)
In Washington D.C.
the citizens of Washington is fueled by fear and rumors of a Confederate Gray army rising like granite blocks up over the horizon. Total destruction of the Union seems at hand…
And Congress votes to spend $1 million dollars to restore the Ford Theatre.
The Rosewell Deportation takes place . The Rosewell Mills provided the Cotton Gray uniform staple for the Confederate Army.
Union troops capture the Rosewell Mill and drive 400 mill workers, all women and children North. Charged with treason they disappear from the face of history and their story remains untold until 1998.
In Rockport on Cape Ann, Massachusetts
The Rockport Granite Company of Massachusetts readies to incorporate.
With the Civil War drawing to an end. the RGC is poised to deliver millions of paving stones up and down the Eastern Seaboard, playing a vital role in the Reconstruction Era.
The finest sailing vessels and most skilled captains enter employment.
Invoice for blank writing books, purchased on July 15, 1864 by Lamb & Theater [SBHS]
The invoice shown above, shows the Rockport Granite Company of Massachusetts (RGCofM )at its point of Incorporation. The fourth listed item – “4′ “” 13 x 18 – are the very blank books which form a key part of the Rockport Granite Company Collection housed at the Harvard Baker Library. <em>These handwritten and typed volumes are a complete set of the official Board of Directors Monthly Meetings and Annual Shareholders Meetings; they date from August 1864 until the declaration of bankruptcy in 1931.
Partial page off RGcoM Inventory list. [SBHS]
By July 7, 1864 the investors in what was to become the RGCofM had assembled an impressive inventory of goods, materials and manpower to undertake quarrying on Cape Ann to a scale not previously reckoned.
As we move forward into looking at the collection records more carefully, we will be struck by power of pencil power to account and track ‘the quarrying of stone to bear to market.
Part 3 will examine the backgrounds of the original investors in the RGCoM.
Leslie Bartlett April 19, 2017
LOUIS ROGERS: Treasurer of Rockport Granite Company
THE ROCKPORT GRANITE COLLECTION
at the Harvard Baker Library, Cambridge, MA
The Story of How Louis Rogers preserved
Rockport Granite Company History
A Monograph by Leslie D. Bartlett
Kindle & Paperback formats: available June 12, 2017
“Quarry Historian Leslie Bartlett now brings to light the glimpses of quarry life and business the Rockport Granite Collection records reveal, in detail. He offers an expanded view of daily life on Cape Ann, when the largest land-based business was ruled by the sounds of granite being broken; and men’s hearts were broken by on-going labor disputes.
The Corporate story of the Rockport Granite Company are contained in documents preserved by Treasurer Louis Rogers. For over 30 years after the company goes bankrupt he holds the records, and then donates them to the Harvard Baker Library, Cambridge, MA. This monograph describes what Louis Rogers preserved, and how, and why he choose to have the records leave Cape Ann in 1953. A fascinating glimpse is offered of how the Rogers family conducted the on-island life of the Rockport Granite Company.
This monograph reflects Leslie Bartlett’s 50 year fascination with the world of granite quarrying, as he now relates the story of his 4 years research in perusing ‘The Rockport Granite Collection,’ and the important memories evoked.”
Leslie D. Bartlett April 17, 2017
A Giant Made Prisoner
“Anastasia stared about her, taking mental notes of the relations of light and shade, and trying to fix in her mind the action of the workmen. Bessie was not so cool. Something oppressed her here, and she quite lost the happy tranquility which she had felt five minutes before, in the straggling country road among the peaceful winter gardens. She felt as if in those few minutes she had come out of the happy New England which she knew and loved – a little country which with all its faults is civilized and human enough – into the midst of some great workshop of nature outside human ways and human knowledge. Here with the dark rocks which they told her had lasted since the beginning of the world, and which had seen more frightful changes than Betsy could imagine. And here, at work among them, was a magical instrument, a giant made prisoner, who was fighting the rocks with another natural force even stronger than theirs. ”
Ellen Day Hale, The Cape Ann Quarries,
Harper’s New Monthly Magazine, No. 418, March 1885
For over 200 years Cape Ann farmers had dug out, pushed and shoved rock out of the way to clear their fields for farming.
Granite was something everyone could break, shape and sell. It lay on either side of the road, the fields cleared, small holes were dug out for larger chunks of granite to be removed. The quarry spectacle was viewed by summer visitors who sat atop their carriages.
The Cape Ann Quarryland is born .
Cape Ann Quarryland, a sketch made by Carl J. Nordell of Annisquam and Boston
Rock bears witness
To What Has Taken Place,
Rock bears witness
To What Has Been Taken From Place.
-Leslie Bartlett, April 2015
This painting is by Margaret Howard Yeaton Hoyt (mother to Wm. Hoyt, one time curator & benefactor at SBHS).
The scene depicts two paving stone cutters working granite and “chipping” rough edges into their wooden chip tub. Typically at lunch time we would find one of their children, who after delivering the lunch pail, would spend time emptying out the chips from the tub.
Fading into the background, we have a cascade of paving cutter sheds lining the top edge of old Granite Pier in Rockport, Ma. [For many years this painting hung in the basement of the SBHS, in what was originally the ‘Granite Museum.’ Overtime the frame, backing and painting acquired mold, when I realized who the painter was, the painting was moved out for possible restoration.]
Image courtesy of SBHS
“You might sleep with the hired hand. He’s real clean for one of them Rooshan Finns.”***
*** Social Changes in New England in the past fifty years – Edwin Webster Sanborn, 1900